Mimicking Biological Recognition: Lessons in Binding Hydrophilic Guests in Water

Abstract

Selective molecular recognition of hydrophilic guests in water plays a fundamental role in a vast number of biological processes, but synthetic mimicry of biomolecular recognition in water still proves challenging both in terms of achieving comparable affinities and selectivities. This Review highlights strategies that have been developed in the field of supramolecular chemistry to selectively and non-covalently bind three classes of biologically relevant molecules: nucleotides, carbohydrates, and amino acids. As several groups have systematically modified receptors for a specific guest, an evolutionary perspective is also provided in some cases. Trends in the most effective binding forces for each class are described, providing insight into selectivity and potential directions for future work.

Citation

Mimicking Biological Recognition: Lessons in Binding Hydrophilic Guests in Water
Hannah P Ferguson Johns, Emily E Harrison, Kyla J Stingley, Marcey L Waters
Chemistry 2020 Oct. 13
Doi: 10.1002/chem.202003759