HFIP in Organic Synthesis


1,1,1,3,3,3-Hexafluoroisopropanol (HFIP) is a polar, strongly hydrogen bond-donating solvent that has found numerous uses in organic synthesis due to its ability to stabilize ionic species, transfer protons, and engage in a range of other intermolecular interactions. The use of this solvent has exponentially increased in the past decade and has become a solvent of choice in some areas, such as C–H functionalization chemistry. In this review, following a brief history of HFIP in organic synthesis and an overview of its physical properties, literature examples of organic reactions using HFIP as a solvent or an additive are presented, emphasizing the effect of solvent of each reaction.


HFIP in Organic Synthesis

Hashim F. Motiwala, Ahlam M. Armaly, Jackson G. Cacioppo, Thomas C. Coombs, Kimberly R. K. Koehn, Verrill M. Norwood IV, and Jeffrey Aubé
Chemical Reviews 2022 122 (15), 12544-12747

DOI: 10.1021/acs.chemrev.1c00749