Electrolyte‐Free Spectroscopy and Imaging of Graphite Intercalation


Engineering electrode materials for optoelectronic and energy storage applications requires a fundamental understanding of intercalation using spatially‐resolved techniques. However, spectroscopic methods can have limited spatial resolution and low intensity since the signal passes through electrolyte. Here, a device geometry is presented in which the electrolyte is laterally separated from the area probed spectroscopically, so that the signal does not pass through the electrolyte. This geometry enables us to visualize ion transport with optical microscopy and monitor charge transfer with Raman and visible reflectance spectroscopies. In addition, vibrational changes are probed in the mid‐IR, a region previously difficult to access due to electrolyte absorption. This geometry will allow many layered electrodes to be probed in situ using time‐ and spatially‐resolved techniques, including photon and electron spectroscopies.


Electrolyte-Free Spectroscopy and Imaging of Graphite Intercalation
Madeline S. Stark Judy Cheng Hailey Kim Kaci L. Kuntz Scott C. Warren
Small 2020, 2004823.
DOI: 10.1002/smll.202004823