Dynamical spectroscopy and microscopy of proteins in cells
With a strong understanding of how proteins fold in hand, it is now possible to ask how in-cell environments modulate their folding, binding and function. Studies accessing fast (ns to s) in-cell dynamics have accelerated over the past few years through a combination of in-cell NMR spectroscopy and time-resolved fluorescence microscopies. Here, we discuss this recent work and the emerging picture of protein surfaces as not just hydrophilic coats interfacing the solvent to the protein's core and functional regions, but as critical components in cells controlling protein mobility, function and communication with post-translational modifications.
Martin Gruebele, Gary J Pielak, Dynamical spectroscopy and microscopy of proteins in cells, Current Opinion in Structural Biology, Volume 70, 2021, Pages 1-7, ISSN 0959-440X, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbi.2021.02.001.