Diastereo-, Enantio-, and anti-Selective Formation of Secondary Alcohol and Quaternary Carbon Stereocenters by Cu-Catalyzed Additions of B-Substituted Allyl Nucleophiles to Carbonyls

Abstract

A general method for the synthesis of secondary homoallylic alcohols containing α-quaternary carbon stereogenic centers in high diastereo- and enantioselectivity (up to >20:1 dr and >99:1 er) is disclosed. Transformations employ readily accessible aldehydes, allylic diboronates, and a chiral copper catalyst and proceed by γ-addition of in situ generated enantioenriched boron-stabilized allylic copper nucleophiles. The catalytic protocol is general for a wide variety of aldehydes as well as a variety of 1,1-allylic diboronic esters. Hammett studies disclose that diastereoselectivity of the reaction is correlated to the electronic nature of the aldehyde, with dr increasing as aldehydes become more electron poor.

Citation

Diastereo-, Enantio-, and anti-Selective Formation of Secondary Alcohol and Quaternary Carbon Stereocenters by Cu-Catalyzed Additions of B-Substituted Allyl Nucleophiles to Carbonyls
Emilie Wheatley, Joseph M. Zanghi, and Simon J. Meek
Organic Letters 2020 22 (23), 9269-9275
DOI: 10.1021/acs.orglett.0c03495