The growth mechanism and polymer density in conjugated polymer brush (CPB) films composed of poly(3-methylthiophene) (P3MT) are characterized. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy experiments show that the initiation of aryl halide monolayers by Pd(PtBu3)2 produces disproportionated monolayer initiators.
Phase II drug metabolism inactivates xenobiotics and endobiotics through the addition of either a glucuronic acid or sulfate moiety prior to excretion, often via the gastrointestinal tract. While the human gut microbial β-glucuronidase enzymes that reactivate glucuronide conjugates in the intestines are becoming well characterized and even controlled by targeted inhibitors, the sulfatases encoded by the human gut microbiome have not been comprehensively examined.
Nearly all biological processes, including strictly regulated protein–protein interactions fundamental in cell signaling, occur inside living cells where the concentration of macromolecules can exceed 300 g/L.
Interest in layered organohalide perovskites is motivated by their potential for use in optoelectronic devices. In these systems, the smallest and largest quantum wells are primarily concentrated near the glass and air interfaces of a film, thereby establishing a gradient in the average values of the bandgaps.
It is widely assumed that the gain or loss of electrons in a material must be accompanied by its reduction or oxidation. Here, we report a system in which the insertion/deinsertion of an electron occurs without any reduction or oxidation.
The control of the tacticity of synthetic polymers enables the realization of emergent physical properties from readily available starting materials.
Lysine crotonylation (Kcr) is a histone post-translational modification that is implicated in numerous epigenetic pathways and diseases.
Methods for the synthesis of cyclopropanes are critical for drug discovery, chemical biology, total synthesis, and other fields. Herein, we report the use of the strong sterically encumbered Lewis acid tris(pentafluorophenyl)borane as a catalyst for the cyclopropanation of unactivated alkenes using aryldiazoacetates.
Despite advances in the development of molecular catalysts capable of reducing dinitrogen to ammonia using proton donors and chemical reductants, few molecular electrocatalysts have been discovered. This Perspective considers the prospects of electrocatalyst development based on a mechanism featuring the cleavage of N-2 into metal nitride complexes.
A unique chain-rupturing transformation that converts an ether functionality into two hydrocarbyl units and carbon monoxide is reported by the Miller Group...
Here, we demonstrate the potential for biogenic SOA to activate as depositional INPs in the upper troposphere by combining field measurements with laboratory experiments.
The Pseudomonas virulence factor (pvf) operon is essential for the biosynthesis of two very different natural product scaffolds: the (dihydro)pyrazine-N-oxides and the diazeniumdiolate, valdiazen. PvfB is a member of the non-heme diiron N-oxygenase enzyme family that commonly convert anilines to their nitroaromatic counterparts.