NO-Releasing Polyurethanes

In work published in ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, Ph.D. student Maggie J. Malone-Povolny in professor Mark Schoenfisch's research group, describe how S-Nitrosothiol, RSNO-modified mesoporous silica nanoparticles, MSNs, were doped into polyurethane, PU, to achieve extended NO-releasing coatings. Parameters influencing the synthesis of RSNO-functionalized nitric oxide, NO, releasing MSNs were evaluated to elucidate the impact of pore structure on NO release characteristics.

The porous particles were characterized as having larger NO payloads and longer NO release durations than those of nonporous particles, a feature attributed to the recombination of the NO radical in confined intraporous microenvironments. NO release kinetics, particle leaching, and thermal stability of the RSNO-modified MSNs dispersed in PU were evaluated as a function of PU structure to determine the feasibility of preparing a range of NO-releasing polymers for biomedical device-coating applications.

The NO release kinetics from the PUs proved to be highly extended, >30 d, and consistent over a range of PU properties. Furthermore, RSNO-modified MSN leaching was not observed from the PUs. The NO release payloads were also maintained for 4 days for polymers stored at zero degrees Celsius.